来源：家常菜谱大全 时间： 2019-04-17
Unit 21 Body Language Speaking
第21单元 手语 说
Work with your partner and act out the situations.
Use the phrases in the box.
PAUL:Excuse me,sir. That suitcase looks very heavy.
Would you like me to help you with it?
OLD MAN:Yes,please. It's very heavy. Thank you.That's very kind of you.
PAUL:Not at all.Is there anything else I can do for you?
OLD MAN:No,thank you Thanks for all your help.
Reading Body Talk
We use both words and body language to express our thoughts and opinions
and to communicate with other people.
We can learn a lot about what a person is thinking
by watching his or her body language.
s are important,but the way a person stands,folds his or her arms,
or moves his or her hands can also give us information about his or her feelings.
Just like spoken language,body language varies from culture to culture.
Making eye contact--looking directly into someone's eyes
is in some countries a way to show interest.
In other countries,however,eye contact is rude or disrespectful.
The gesture for OK,making a circle with one's thumb and index finger,
has different meanings in different cultures.
In Japan,someone who sees a长沙哪里能治疗癫痫nother person making the gesture will think it means money.
In France,a person seeing the same gesture will think it means zero.
In Brazil and Germany,however,the gesture is rude.
The thumbs-up gesture, meaning "great" or"good job" in the US,is rude in Nigeria,
but in Germany and Japan it means the number one.
The "crazy"gesture,moving the index finger in circle in front of the ear ,
means "you have a phone call" in Brazil.
Even the gesture we use for "yes" and "no" are different around the world.
In many countries,shaking one's head means "no",and nodding means "yes".
In Bulgaria,parts of Greece,and Iran,however,
the gestures have the opposite meaning.
There are also differences as to how often we touch each other,
how close we stand to someone we are talking to,
and how we act when we meet or part.
In some countries,for example France and Russia,
a visiting friend is greeted with a kiss on the cheek;
in other countries people greet each other with a firm handshake
a loving hug,a bow or simply a nod of the head.
While there are many different interpretations of our body language,
some gestures seem to be universal.
Pressing one's palms together and resting one's癫痫病那家医院好 head
on the back of one's hand while closing the eyes as if sleeping means "I am tired."
A good way of saying"I am full"
is moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal.
If a person pats his or her stomach before a meal,it usually means"I am hungry."
Perhaps the best example of universally understood body language is the smile.
A smile can help us get through difficult situations
and find friends in a world of strangers.
A smile can open doors and tear down walls.
It can be used to express almost any emotion.
We can use a smile to apologies,to greet someone,
to ask for help or to start a conversation.
We can smile at ourselves in the mirror
to make ourselves feel happier and stronger.
And if we are feeling down or lonely ,
there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
Work book Unit 21 Body language
练习 第21单元 身势语
Integrating skills Reading Animal body language
综合技能 阅读 的身势语
Human beings are not the only ones who communicate.
Animals use body language and facial expressions
to tell each other how they feel and what they think.
Here is a quick look at how some of our animal friends
send messages to us and to each other.
Dogs use facial expressions,sounds,
body movements and their tails to communicate.
When a dog is happy,its ears will stand up and its eyes will be wide open.
The dog will bark excitedly,
wag its tail and may run around in circles
or jump up and down to show you that it wants to play.
A dog that is afraid will lay its ears back and close its eyes.
The dog may show its teeth and lower its body so that it is close to the ground.
The dog may also shiver or tremble,
and it will put its tail between its legs.
When a dog is angry,it will stare at you,show its teeth and snarl.
The dog's body will be upright
and the dog will try to make itself look as big as possible.
The tail will stand straight out from the body.
Elephants also use noises and body language to express themselves.
An elephant's sense of smell is highly developed.
An elephant can smell how another elephant is feeling
and even tell if it is sick.
The elephant's nose,or trunk,is also used to make noises and to greet other elephants.
Different noises have a variety of meanings:
they can mean "I am hungry","I am angry"or "Good to see you!"
An elephant's body language includes ear signals and gestures.
If an elephant spreads its ears,it means "Watch out!"
To show friendship,elephants will touch each other with their trunks
and stand close to each other,putting their foreheads together.
Dolphins are social animals.
They live in groups and like to show each other their feelings.
An angry dolphin will sometimes slap its tail on the surface of the water
The movement and noise let other dolphins know that something is wrong.
If a dolphin wants to send a message over a long distance,
or if it simply wants to show how strong it is,
it will jump high out of the water and land on its side, making a loud splash
A dolphin that is happy will play with its friends,
often making small jumps into the air.
When dolphins are tired and need to rest,
they will swim in small groups close to the surface.
If you see dolphins doing this,you should not disturb them.
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